It would be unrealistic and even incorrect to say that the formulation of policy follows a clear and consistent pathway or route. Policy development is actually an involved and sometimes haphazard process that differs widely depending upon the concern being addressed. Sometimes it is a long and winding road with lots of detours and stops along the way. Despite the variation in policy process, there are some general steps (described below) that are common to its development. These are:
- Selecting the desired objective.
- Identifying the target of the objective.
- Determining the pathway to reach that objective.
- Designing the specific program or measure in respect of that goal.
- Implementing the measure and assessing its impact.